Weekend Gardener Your Weekly Electronic Gardening Guide
Practical Horticulture for Busy People.

Kale Previous Next

About This Plant...
Family: Brassicaceae
Genus and species: Brassica oleracea (Acephala group)
Growing Season: spring and fall
Indoor Sowing...
Time needed to reach transplant size: 6-8 weeks
When to transplant to garden: 5 weeks before to 2 weeks after last spring frost
Outdoor Sowing...
When to sow outdoors: 4 to 6 weeks before last spring frost
Other Sowing Guidelines...
Approx. germination time: 4-14 days
Germination temp.: 45-95 degrees F.
Sowing depth: 1/2 inch
Days to maturity: 50-65 days
Transplanting Guidelines...
Spacing between plants: 18-24 inches
Spacing between rows: 24-36 inches
Growing On...
Pests: imported cabbageworms, cabbage loopers, aphids, flea beetles, cabbage root maggots
Diseases: clubroot, black rot, downy mildew, white mold
Harvest: when leaves reach a usable size; leave terminal bud at center of plant intact in order to have an ongoing harvest
Growing tips: kale can tolerate fall frosts


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